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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

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132                                      I'LOKA   1NDICA.
The district of Coimbator has, like that of Salem, so :,iar.y
peculiar features, as to call for a special notice.    It lies r.ppo-
site the groal gap in the Peninsular chain already so .>i'u:f :v-
ferred to, H«ul is conterminous with "Malabar.    Krlv^-,1    'ii
southern slopes of the Nilghiri mountains, and tii*' *: *:•'!!*••''•
face of those of Travaucor, there is interposed a sp,ie< <>:' -.i-v;!
thirty miles in -width traversed by low hills.    Across !'•:!• ^ '•
passion, the south-west monsoon has almost a fret   ou.-wg
to tho eastward; hut the great elevation of the niotu.d
both sides, and the abscve of any considerable hills
distriet, cause- tho monso<v wind to pass over without
siting nnu'h c»f its niou4n;'i'. and, tlioujfli llu? elimatc '> i
ihc rain-fall i* very triilin'••:,    l)uiinj^ the. north-<«ist Jiu^tsoon
ii^ain, thchip'h hills of easa-rn Mysore and those of the Salem
district intercept a considerable nor lion of the moisture which
would otherwise roach this district.    Counbator is thus re-
niAffeiibie for the very small annual amount of rain, which is
not more than twonty-oiv inches.
The district of Tanjnr, which comprises tho delta of tlie
river Cavery, appears to ]»reseiit no remarkable tealures be-
yond thos(\ common to all tropical deltas. Its climate is
more humid and cool than the remainder of the. Caniatic,
chiefly owing to the swampy soil.
The extreme southern portion of the Ournatic, including the
districts of Madura and Timievolly, is separated from the re-
mainder Ky a lofty transverse range of mountains, which runs
from west to east, passing to the south of l)indi#al. These
mountains, which at their osistoni extremity, when1 they are
called Pulucy (Falnai) mountains, arc <{<X)0-HOOO feet in height,
gradually diminish in elevation to the eastward. About live
miles south of Diudigal the Scrroo Mallay (Scru 'Malaya)
bills, rise to #500 feet, and the range sinks, about twenty
miles to the eastward of Dindigal, into the plain of the Car-
natic. This range of hills ijusulatos in a very remarkable?
manner the diatricts to the south of it, whidi are sheltered
from the south*west monsoon by the high mountain* of Tra-
vancor on the west, and from the north cast monsoon by this